What Is L-Carnitine Fumarate?

Published: 24th February 2009
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L-Carnitine Fumarate is a stable form of L-Carnitine.

What is Fumarate?

Fumarate is a salt or ester of Fumaric acid.

What is Fumaric acid?

Fumaric acid is a white crystalline compound, and is one of two isomeric unsaturated dicarboxylic acids (the other being maleic acid), wherein the carboxylic acid groups are cis. Fumaric acid has a fruit-like taste. The salts and esters of Fumaric acid are known as Fumarates.

Fumaric acid is an important compound which is also naturally present in the body. As a component of the Krebs cycle (Citric Acid Cycle), Fumaric acid plays a key role in generating energy.

L-Carnitine and Fumaric acid

Combined, L-Carnitine and Fumaric acid provide dual support for energizing the heart and skeletal muscles.

Uses for L-Carnitine Fumarate

Cardiovascular Support: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial showed that 101 volunteers indicated that L-Carnitine maintained healthy lipid peroxide and lactate dehydrogenase cardiac enzyme activity. L-Carnitine may also support ventricular function and superoxide dismutase enzyme activity. Long-term L-Carnitine supplementation has demonstrated positive support for cardiovascular health after a 3-year follow-up in adult subjects. In a recent six-month, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial, L-Carnitine supplementation supported healthy lipid metabolism in volunteers. In a metabolic analysis performed at George Washington University Medical Center, L-Carnitine and Fumarate provided synergistic cardioprotective support.

Support for Exercise Recovery: In a recent double-blind placebo-controlled trial, L-Carnitine supplementation supported training for elite athletes. Additional studies suggest that L-Carnitine promotes exercise recovery by moderating tissue damage, decreasing production of free radicals and reducing muscle soreness following exercise.

Sources of L-Carnitine Fumarate

L-Carnitine Fumarate is synthetically produced. It is patented worldwide by BIOSINT SpA (58.5% l-carnitine, 41.5% fumaric acid, US patent number 4,602,039), and can be bought as a supplement (in pill form) from stores.

For more on L-Carnitine Fumarate, visit Green Tea Blog.

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